Artykuł z National Geographic z września 1894 roku. Wybaczcie, że nie tłumaczę, chodzi tu raczej o uświadomienie sobie zmian, jakie od tamtego czasu zaszły. Choć nawet i tu autorzy wspominają, że Nowy Jork właściwie wygląda inaczej, bo ta Ósma Ulica to prawdziwa oaza spokoju. Jak to jest dziś, łatwo sprawdzić w sieci. Miłej zabawy!
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THE EIGHTH AVENUE PLAZA AT THE ENTRANCE TO CENTRAL PARK
Some weeks ago we presented our readers with a characteristic scene on lower Broadway, in this city. It was a reproduction of a photograph taken during a fire, and showed the great thoroughfare with the traffic in part suspended, while the fire engines were stationed on it. We now show another view in New York. The reader must transport himself some four miles to the north and west of the former place, to the plaza at the corner of 8th Avenue and 59th Street. Here the southwestern entrance of Central Park is situated ; from the plaza the continuation of 8th Avenue, Central Park West as it is called, extends to the Harlem River, while to its west the Boulevard opens, and extends in an irregular course to the north.
In the foreground of the cut is seen the rostral column erected by the Italian residents of the United States in honor of Columbus.
The beautiful granite column, with projecting bows of galleys and anchors to mark it as a naval trophy, has on its base bronze reliefs of the scenes of Columbus’ life. Above one of the bronzes is a marble group of a winged youth or genius with a globe, symbolizing the discoverer’s faith in his work, while the noble figure cut from Carrara marble, and representing the great discoverer, overlooks from its summit the metropolis of the land which he found.
The view shown is that of one looking uptown to the north and west. On the right appears Central Park, the city’s great pleasure ground, a region which is within the memory of many New Yorkers as a dismal wilderness of rocks and shanties ; but which now is one of the most beautiful of pleasure grounds, and what is more to the purpose, one which is thoroughly utilized by the citizens. Along the Park runs the continuation of Eighth Avenue or Central Park West, from whose western side many stately buildings look down upon the foliage and lawns of the great pleasure ground. Running a little more to the west, in a slight diagonal from Central Park, is seen the Boulevard, the successor of the old Bloomingdale Road. This impressive street is very wide, providing two parallel roads. Much of its surface is now paved with asphalt, and through its center runs a series of grass plats, with a double row of elms therein. Along the sides are two other rows of elms, the four series of trees shading and marking the course of a picturesque and unique roadway. It runs through one of the most beautiful residential portions of the city, a region comprising the Riverside Drive and the streets contiguous to it. Many of the streets are paved with asphalt, and they are characterized by one of the most varied and picturesque arrays of dwelling houses that have ever been erected in New York. In this region the architect has departed from the old brown stone front of the packing box type, and has produced street after street of really beautiful and picturesque city dwellings. In this district, to the west of the Boulevard, is Riverside Drive, winding along the banks of the Hudson River many feet above its waters. To its east, far uptown, is beautiful Morningside Park, overlooking the plaint of Harlem. These are among the most picturesque features of the city. On the high ground to the east of the Boulevard, above 110th Street, and between the Boulevard and Morningside Park, is the site for the new Columbia College and other institutions, and for the new Episcopalian cathedral.
It is the gateway to this characteristic region that is guarded by the beautiful Columbus monument erected on occasion of the quadri-centennial of the discovery of America.